What is Information Technology
Information technology is the use and putting on the computer system to process, manage and distribute information. The use of IT in this context involves the hardware and software components.
Some major benefits of Information Technology in several areas are listed below:
Speed and Accuracy in information Processing
With the use of IT, more work can be achieved by individuals, businesses, services and government organizations. Function enhancement programs like word processors, database programs and spreadsheets could get work done in less time with additional accuracy and efficiency.
Global Social Interaction
IT makes global social and cultural interaction quite easy. This is evident while using the emergence and success of networks, including Facebook and Twitter. More so, using information technology has eliminated language barriers with technologies like language translators.
The introduction and employ of modern-day applications and gadgets including iTunes, iPod, and iPhone have become revolutionary. Downloading, buying, playing and organizing, music, videos, movies, and TV shows may be made a breeze and accessible. The gallant continuing development of i. t. through history puts the entire world within your palm with technologies such as iPad and Amazon Kindle.
The effect of information technology on universal communication is phenomenal. Telecommunication adjusted beyond using basic technologies. With the advancement of the Internet and technologies including VoIP (Voice over IP), organizations, businesses, and people can communicate at any time from various areas of the planet through video and voice calls, web conferencing, seminars and virtual meetings.
A major factor in global economic advancement could be the elimination of distance and time barriers brought about by the putting on i. t to buying and selling of products and services (e-commerce). E-commerce gave room for tiny, small and big business players to emerge. The interconnection of businesses is done painlessly. Thousands of local, national and international businesses and enterprises will have what’s called ‘web presence’ and will now reach a wider audience.
Education has gone far beyond the usage of bricks and mortal classrooms or traditional blackboards. The world is now inside the era of e-learning, using technologies including VLEs (Virtual Learning Environments). Students will surely have entry to all teaching materials and resources online; engage in virtual classrooms real-time or asynchronously.
The use of IT has resulted in an overall improvement in quality, safety, and efficiency inside the medical care delivery system. The health care sector is positively suffering from the use of electronic health records, virtual healthcare team technologies, telemedicine, e-health grids, and other specialist health care information systems.
Information technology had brought phenomenal changes to every one part of life. The positive impact has become global as well as the change keeps growing exponentially. However, the disadvantages cannot be ignored. A major menace brought about by IT is security and a drastic decline in privacy.